Chapter 13 : Kshetra Kshetragya Vibhaaga Yog| Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta Sanjay Ki Nazar Se

Share this on :

This chapter of Geeta throws light on the correct way of realizing the true- self. It gives a meticulous understanding of the correct way of meditation upon the Immortal Formless Spirit.

This episode, therefore, leads us to deep spiritual insights enabling us to realize the Eternal within ourselves. It enlightens us on the following four areas:

  1. What is the meaning of “Kshetra”?
  2. What is the real nature of “ Khetragya”?
  3. What is the attainment of “Knowledge”?
  4. Who is “Paramatma”?

Shrimad Bhagwad Geeta commences with the curiosity arising statement or shloka

“Dharmakshetre kurukshetre samavetaa yuyutsavah”.What do we understand by “Dharamkshetre”? what exactly is the essence of this word? This wondrous word is all encompassing it is our human mortal body. There is a fine balance between “Good” and ‘Evil” within our body. When the positivity or the good expands, this body becomes Dharamkshetre and when the evil expands this human mortal body symbolizes Kurukshetra”. Our human bodies are infinitesimally minuscule, this divine chapter of Geeta makes us realize this essence. This chapter elaborates on the 27 Gunas in us, which are derived from the humongous universal elements which are also known as the “Panch Mahabhoot”. These five elements are as follows:

  • Earth
  • Water
  • Fire
  • Air
  • Sky

These five elements are releasing everlastingly the “Panch Tanmatrayein”.We can refer to them as the sub-elements. These sub-elements are extremely important as they impart the divine awareness of the elements. The bodily existence is futile without the knowledge and experience of these sub-elements. These sub-elements or the sense organs are power enhancers of perception, feeling and touch etc. They make the human body realize and feel the five elements. This perception is carried forward by the Paanch Gyaan indriyan and the action which is the outcome of the gyaan indriyan is carried forward by the “ Karm Indriyaan. This is extremely critical understanding which important because to understand self we need a superior understanding of these.

Now we delve deeper into the ocean of understanding by appreciating the meaning of Consciousness. It is referred to asAntaha Karan. It is made up of Man, Buddhi, Chitta, and Ahankar. These 24 elements together collate to form the mortal human body. The purification of these elements is important for the attainment of bliss and supreme knowledge.

Our journey of knowledge cannot be curtailed yet, we need to understand what Lord Krishna refers to as “Tri Guna” these tri-guns are all encompassing. They are spread out in all elements. All substances are made of minuscule atoms and these atoms are interlaced with the tri guns.

The triguns are “Sat”, “Raj” and “Tam”. Hence now the 24 divisions are complemented with these 3 elements making it a sum total of 27.The addition of 27(2+7) equals to 9. This number 9 is a complete number or “Purnaank”.This number 9 is succeeded by the number 1 which is God’s number. God, who is all-pervasive all-encompassing. God is one. It is the people who according to their origin differentiate him giving him different names. The supreme God is one a source of energy .He dwells in all beings, in all that surrounds us. Let us comprehend this concept with deeper perception. The first element is the sky which correlates with Sound, the ear catches this sound. After this follows the next layer which is the Air which relates to the sub-element of Touch, we feel it through Skin. Following this is the Fire, this fire co-relates with the physical form which is captured by the eye. The next is Water relating to Tongue which tastes the elements. The Final element is The Earth which is Solid, it is related to the Smell, the nose is the functional unit for its realization which is gain a solid. These are all inputs which are mortal being processes after their realization. These outcomes are categorized as the “Trigunas”. The outcomes are exhibited through the Karm Indriyan .The action is exhibited through these which are hands, we can either use it positively or negatively. Similarly we have other Karm Indriyan. What we feel we speak .This is done through the Mouth, likewise we have sex organs and other organs. This is our basic introduction. Five sense organs of perception viz. ear, skin, eye, tongue and nose and five sense organs of action viz, hands, feet, mouth, anus and generative organs. These are the channels by which an individual perceives the stimuli and responds to them.

If we research deeper we are ruled by the consciousness which makes us take a decision between right or wrong. This stands for the mind which thinks about the stimuli received from the sense organs and sends forth the responses after getting the judgment from the intellect.

Shri Krishna brings to the conclusion of the theme of this discourse by stating those who seek the ultimate light through devotion and meditation steadfastly try to reach Him. Devotion here implies not only emotional surrender unto the Almighty but an intellectual understanding of the Truth, the Self, through a correct understanding of “Kshetra” and the “Kshetragya”. One who is able to recognize the one God as the stimulating Consciousness in all fields of matter envelopment, he is the true devotee who like The Lord says `enters into His Being’, attains liberation or discharges from the cycle of birth and death.

Share this on :

Chapter 10 : Vibhooti Yog| Shreemad Bhagwad Geeta Sanjay Ki Nazar Se

Share this on :

Arjuna is not just a mighty warrior but also a complete devotee of Shri Krishna, he shows all inquisitiveness laced with paramount humility while hearkening to Shri Krishna’s discourses. His keen interest in the learning’s has resulted in augmentation of satisfaction in Arjuna who was sailing in troubled waters at the beginning. In the voyage of the preceding chapter of Bhagwad Geeta, we learned in detail about “Shraddha”. Shri Krishna says that when an appalling person also starts worshiping the Lord, he achieves supreme bliss or “Moksha”. Such thoughts were also shared in the Bible and also in the holy Quran. These led to the spread of Islam across the globe. However, these thoughts were also shared around five thousand years also in the Bhagwad Geeta which was propounded by Shri Krishna.

Shri Krishna begins by repeating what he has already spoken at the beginning in the previous few chapters. To the complete bewilderment of Arjuna, Shri Krishna tells him that he who is the superlative is one who is unborn and eternal and he is also the supreme peer of the realm of the world. Though He has no birth, all existence derives from Him.  Krishna who is now in the role of a teacher and preacher announces that He is in truth the Eternal God Himself, more ancient than anything else that ever existed and that all manifested glory is from nowhere else but him.

This chapter called the “Vibhooti Yog”, discusses the following affirmations:

  1. Origin of God
  2. How to rid yourself of all sins?
  3. What is the correct way of Self-expression?
  4. How do achieve Divine Glory or “Vibhooti” and ultimate spiritual powers?
  5. Details of “Vibhooti” and Spiritual / Eminent Powers.

Shri Krishna explains that I am not easily comprehended. Even the age-old sages are not able to understand me completely. Those who accept me as a source of energy are able to appreciate me.

Emotions are first superseding actions, the vibrations come first and then the action follows, even quantum physics has proven this theory. The Knowledge that lies within us gives rise to energy which is the basis of all emotions.

A man has to discover his spiritual unity with God and so with all his creatures. God discusses again and again “Bhoot” which is the “Jeevatama”, all emotions arise due to God. Arjuna realizes that God is infinite and His manifestation is infinite. He manifests Himself in the universe through innumerable forms. Arjuna wants to know about all “Vibhooti” and the actual manifestations of the supreme.

Shri Krishna tells him that the Atma in every being is nothing but the supreme God. I am Brahma, the creator, I am Vishnu who takes care and also Mahesh, the destroyer.

We get to know the “Parakram Yog” or “Vibhooti” which is the way towards excellence. So Arjun who is on the path of excellence should know the superlative form of Krishna.

 Shri Krishna tells him that among the Vedas I am the Sama Veda; among the senses, I am the mind and I am the intelligence among living beings. I am the king of gods, Indra, who rules over others, controlling, directing and organizing the lives.And, among the priests, you should know me as the chief, who is Brihaspati; Among the mountains, I am the Sumeru . Among the rakshas you should know me as “Kuber”. Among the supreme archers, I am “Ram”. Amongst the lakes, I am the “Sagar”. Among the trees, I am the Peepal tree. I am the king amongst the beings. Among the seasons I am the “Basant Ritu”. Among the sages know me as the supreme  “Ved Vyaas”. All these excellence are nothing but my part only. All these examples very clearly illustrate the supreme soul or Lord is present in all things valued. He tells him that all things mighty and glorified are just a mere expression of his splendor which is infinitely sublime.

Arjuna is totally cleansed and purified after listening to the aforesaid discourse; this is the main crux of the complete chapter. The consciousness within the human beings now begins to perceive the consciousness outside without any endeavor or obstacle. By this way, Sri Krishna teaches that one can always live in God-Consciousness and finally move towards Ultimate bliss.

Share this on :